Honoré Daumier

1808-1879 • France

Artist • Caricaturist • Human Rights

Master of French political caricatures he was a democrat, often close to the working class, jailed for six months in the Sainte-Pélagie prison under Louis-Philippe in 1832.

Daumier’s cartoon: ‘Past, Present and Future’ depicting Louis-Philippe’s size and greed reflected continuous republican criticism and occasional insurrections

Imprisonment did not stop his attacks on the Orleans regime. In 1835 he published his most famous sketch of the Massacre of Rue Transnonain.

Daumier sketched the 14 April 1834 massacre of men, women and children at 12 rue Transnonain by Louis-Philippe’s troops

He was very sympathetic to the Commune. where he belonged to the Artists’ Federal Committee, elected on April 17 1871 where, as representative of the Beaux-Arts section, opposed Courbet‘s proposal to knock down the Vendome column.

For much of his working life Daumier submitted cartoons to the Le Charivari  (Hullabaloo) journal in existence from 1832 to 1893, whose editorial offices were at 16 Rue du Croissant.

From 1869 until his death he lived at No. 42, Rue Rochechouart, an address that became still more significant for the left in 1889, since it was there that the Second International was founded.

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